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Basic Treatment & Resocialization

Basic Correctional Treatment

The core element of all TYC treatment programs is a comprehensive rehabilitation program called Resocialization. The four cornerstones of the programs are correctional therapy, education, work, and discipline training. The program is designed to enhance personal accountability of delinquent youth by removing justification for continued delinquency and to provide skills that will enable these youth to make prosocial choices in the future. The program requires a youth to detail his or her life story, identify thinking errors, learn the components of the offense cycle, understand the choices that led him or her to commit criminal acts, and develop victim empathy, appropriate values and a success plan for community re-entry.

The Resocialization program is Phase-progressive and competency-based, which means that youth move gradually from high restriction confinement to aftercare or parole based on the completion of both the minimum length of stay and demonstrated mastery of predesignated objectives. Each Phase has specific individualized objectives for Academic/Workforce Development, Behavior and Correctional Therapy that a youth must achieve prior to advancing to the next Phase.

Youth are Phase Assessed monthly in each ABC area and progress in each area as objectives are completed. Only through compliance with program rules and completion of the Resocialization Phases may a youth earn rewards and privileges. Youth begin on Phase ABC and are eligible for parole when assessed on Phase A4B4C4 and upon completion of the minimum length of stay. While on parole, youth are assessed for completion of Parole Phase objectives in each area. The Resocialization program emphasizes personal responsibility for behavior, self-control, academics, vocational and social skills development, and restitution to victims and the community.

The environment at all correctional institutions consists of a 16-hour day that requires youth be engaged in constructive activity during all waking hours. Activities are centered around the four cornerstones of Resocialization and include education, physical training, military movement drills, correctional therapy sessions, leadership and social skills training, work activities, facility maintenance, homework, meals, and personal hygiene routines. By keeping youth continually and constructively occupied, youth have fewer opportunities to get into or create trouble within facilities. Uniform dress, neat personal appearance, and military style haircuts are mandatory at TYC facilities. A distinction is made between youth rights and earned privileges. Due process, medical care, food, clothing, and shelter are basic needs provided to all youth. However, a youth must now earn his or her privileges.

Four Cornerstones of Resocialization

4 cornerstones of resocialization


Children are not born delinquents. They become so in a developmental context that socializes them in a particular way. The result is a delinquent self-identity and pattern of meeting needs at the expense of others. The majority of youth in TYC custody can benefit from learning new socialization patterns. The TYC model for rehabilitation of delinquent youth is known as Resocialization. Resocialization is the process by which individuals learn new norms, rules and expectations for behavior that allow them to get their needs met without violating the rights of others.

The program is based on four cornerstones: Correctional Therapy, Education, Discipline Training and Work. Youth are engaged in Resocialization activities 16 hours per day. Resocialization is a process that youth move through at different rates. It is a phase-progressive program, meaning youth must demonstrate specific competencies in all resocialization tasks before they are considered for release to less restriction. They must also complete minimum lengths of stay associated with their offense classifications.

Our goal is to resocialize delinquent youth in a manner that is respectful of cultural differences, validates the reality of their life experiences and reintegrates them into the community as productive citizens.

The TYC Resocialization process is a comprehensive system. We seek to address biological factors and underlying emotional dynamics that fuel delinquent behaviors, to remove cognitive justifications used by youth for continued delinquency and to teach skills that will enable youth to make pro-social choices in the future. Effective Resocialization depends upon accurate identification of causative or contributing factors to the delinquent behaviors, recognition of the unmet needs that are motivating the behaviors and interventions aimed at the appropriate developmental systems. Youth must develop both the desire and the know-how in order to effectively change.

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Texas flag on image of state Texas Youth Commission
4900 N. Lamar Blvd. Austin, TX 78751
P.O. Box 4260 Austin, TX 78765
(512) 424-6130

Date Developed: October 26, 2004
| Date Archived: June 5, 2007